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Default Analysis: How Myanmar's Rohingya Insurgency Grew - 09-04-2017, 02:59 PM

Analysis: How Myanmar's Rohingya Insurgency Grew


Analysis: How Myanmar’s Rohingya Insurgency Grew

By
Associated Press -

August 31, 2017 10:47 pm





BANGKOK — Armed with machetes and rifles, a ragtag band of insurgents comprised of members of Myanmar’s Muslim Rohingya minority launched unprecedented attacks last week, triggering fighting with security forces that has left more than 100 people dead and forced at least 18,000 to flee into neighboring Bangladesh.
Here’s a closer look at the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, the group that claimed responsibility for the attacks:
Origins of Arsa
The group was formed last year by Rohingya exiles living in Saudi Arabia, according to the International Crisis Group, which detailed ARSA’s origins in a report last year. It is led by Attullah Abu Amar Jununi, a Pakistani-born Rohingya who grew up in Mecca, and a committee of about 20 Rohingya emigres. ICG says there are indications Jununi and others received militant training in Pakistan and possibly Afghanistan.


ARSA is believed to receive funding from the Rohingya diaspora and donors in Saudi Arabia, as well as other parts of the Middle East, ICG says.
Analysts blame Myanmar’s government for the conditions that led to the group’s creation. Successive governments in the predominantly Buddhist country have denied the Rohingya basic rights and citizenship, deeming most of them to be foreign invaders from Bangladesh, even though Rohingya have lived in Myanmar, also known as Burma, for generations. Bangladesh also rejects them.
The lack of a political solution to their plight, particularly after anti-Muslim violence in 2012 displaced more than 120,000 Rohingya, helped sow the seeds for armed rebellion. The disenfranchisement of Rohingya in the 2015 election, and a regional crackdown on human trafficking that cut off an escape by sea also left Myanmar’s Rohingya feeling boxed in.

Escalation of the Violence
In ARSA’s first known operation, on Oct. 9, 2016, hundreds of Rohingya men armed with knives, slingshots and rifles attacked three separate police posts in Rakhine state, killing nine officers.
The army responded with a savage counterinsurgency sweep that lasted months and, according to human rights groups, left entire villages burned to the ground. The United Nations accused security forces of gang-raping women and carrying out extrajudicial killings of children, even babies. The world body says some of the atrocities could amount to crimes against humanity.
The scale and scope of the latest violence is far greater. ARSA attacked at least two dozen police posts, and satellite imagery analyzed by Human Rights Watch indicates homes were set ablaze as well, in an area about five times larger than what was burned in 2016.
The coordinated attacks prove the insurgents’ abilities have grown significantly, and they may have adopted new tactics as well. Anagha Neelakantan, Asia program director for ICG, said it had received reports ARSA attacked Buddhist villages and killed civilians, in contrast to past assaults which only targeted the state. If confirmed, she said, “this represents a serious new development” that could escalate the conflict dramatically.
An Evolving Message

When the group was first established, the insurgents called themselves the Harakah al-Yaqin, meaning “Faith Movement.” In their first video, that name was overlaid with Arabic script, which helped fuel speculation they could be aligned with global terrorist groups.
Analysts say the group does not appear to have jihadist motivations, and ARSA has stated that it does not associate with terrorist organizations. In recent months, the group has tried to dispel that perception and bolster the argument that they are freedom fighters who took up arms only to defend their people, said David Mathieson, an independent analyst in Yangon, Myanmar.
The insurgents, who posts statements through a Twitter account, changed their name to the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army — Arakan is another word for the Rakhine region. And in a video statement released Aug. 28, Jununi — standing beside two masked militants with assault rifles — described the insurgents as “the guardians and protectors of the oppressed Rohingya,” claiming they were waging “a defensive war with the brutal Burmese military regime.” It’s unclear how many fighters the group currently has.
After the latest attacks, Myanmar’s government has insisted they should only be referred to as “extreme Bengali terrorists.”

Prospects for Peace
It’s unclear how much support the insurgents have among the Rohingya population, which numbers about 1 million in Myanmar. Neelakantan said there are reports that ARSA has executed suspected informants as part of a brutal effort to boost the insurgent group’s influence and control.
Given the deadly military sweep that followed their attacks last year, ARSA must have known an even greater backlash would come this time, Neelakantan said.
“They’re clearly harming their cause more than they are helping it,” she said. “But if they wanted attention, they’re going to get it.”
The violence has already hardened both sides and deepened communal hatred. Mathieson said “things will get worse before they get better. Once the killing starts, it’s hard to put that back in the box.”
Story: Todd Pitman
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Default 09-04-2017, 03:02 PM

India has given full backing to Myanmar's genocide of Rohingyas but this is no suprise as they support Assad's genocide of Syrians too. What a moral foreign policy, but what do you expect?


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Default 09-04-2017, 07:41 PM

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Originally Posted by Insight View Post
India has given full backing to Myanmar's genocide of Rohingyas but this is no suprise as they support Assad's genocide of Syrians too. What a moral foreign policy, but what do you expect?
Your country butchered 3,5 million Bangladeshi Muslims. You better STFU.


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Default 09-04-2017, 07:44 PM

What I find "hilarious" about this horrible genocide is how that lady, Aung San Suu Kyi, is keeping silence. She doesn't give a c rap. I still remember the days how the Western propaganda press was praising her. She was even awarded with a peace nobel price lmao


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Default 09-05-2017, 06:13 PM

Pope has condemned it but most Muslims leaders are silent about it including the Imam of Mecca.
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Default 09-06-2017, 02:28 PM

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Originally Posted by Firdousi View Post
What I find "hilarious" about this horrible genocide is how that lady, Aung San Suu Kyi, is keeping silence. She doesn't give a c rap. I still remember the days how the Western propaganda press was praising her. She was even awarded with a peace nobel price lmao
Obama won a Nobel Peace Prize when practically the only thing he had done as president was order drone strikes that killed many innocents. Even as he escalated the war in Afghanistan, got involved in other wars, and began assassinating enemies (including American citizens and their minor children), few questioned his award.

Malala Yousafzai won the award because her communist dad goaded her into becoming a symbol of their cause, and the West saw her as a another tool for their attempts at cultural imperialism. She continues to be seen as a "hero" in the West despite being reviled by most of her own people for betraying them.

Random organizations like the EU have won the award.

The Nobel Peace Prize is a joke.

Also, what she's doing is worse than remaining silent. She's trying to blame the Muslims, by claiming it's not "ethnic cleansing" because Muslims are killing each other too. Apparently her dad was anti-Muslim too, to the point that he once killed a Muslim himself, and then tossed his body into a pig pen. As they say, the apple doesn't fall far from the tree.

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Pope has condemned it but most Muslims leaders are silent about it including the Imam of Mecca.
Which Imam of Makkah? There's more than one, and regardless, none of them are leaders of the entire Muslim world the way the Pope represents all Catholics, so the comparison doesn't hold.

Erdogan has made a lot out of this issue, so there are Muslim leaders speaking out about it. As for the rest, most of them oppress their own people, why should anyone expect them to saying anything about it?

Last edited by maneatinglizard; 09-06-2017 at 02:30 PM.
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Default 09-07-2017, 01:49 AM

My point is that it is a shame.
I was talking about the Imam of the Grand Mosque, but I guess he finally got to it right after I wrote that yesterday.

Rohingya crisis: Suu Kyi says 'fake news helping terrorists'
Rohingya crisis: Suu Kyi says 'fake news helping terrorists' - BBC News

It seems like the whole Nobel prize is fake and the people that receive it are fake.
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Default 09-11-2017, 07:37 AM

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Originally Posted by maneatinglizard View Post
Obama won a Nobel Peace Prize when practically the only thing he had done as president was order drone strikes that killed many innocents. Even as he escalated the war in Afghanistan, got involved in other wars, and began assassinating enemies (including American citizens and their minor children), few questioned his award.

Malala Yousafzai won the award because her communist dad goaded her into becoming a symbol of their cause, and the West saw her as a another tool for their attempts at cultural imperialism. She continues to be seen as a "hero" in the West despite being reviled by most of her own people for betraying them.

Random organizations like the EU have won the award.

The Nobel Peace Prize is a joke.

Also, what she's doing is worse than remaining silent. She's trying to blame the Muslims, by claiming it's not "ethnic cleansing" because Muslims are killing each other too. Apparently her dad was anti-Muslim too, to the point that he once killed a Muslim himself, and then tossed his body into a pig pen. As they say, the apple doesn't fall far from the tree.
Thats my point dude. All this Human Rights and Peace Nobel Prizes mumbo-jumbo are pure BS. If it benefits their agenda they will label you as the best human being ever. No wonder Haqqani was called by Charlie Wilson in the 80th as the "most humble human being ever" lol


"For thirty years, I endured much pain and strife,
I awaken the Ajam by this Persian [language]. "

-Ferdowsi.
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