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Post ISI and Afghanistan - 11-09-2011, 10:28 AM

ISI and Afghanistan
The ISI, the Intelligence agency of Pakistan, has played a very dangerous role in Afghanistan, from arming unsavoury figures to flooding the country with weapons during the civil war. The ISI has done all it can through any means to keep Afghanistan weak and on its knees. The ISI is the main obstacle in the way of progression in the region; it has interfered, meddled and forced its way into Afghan affairs right from the beginning. The author will discuss the role of the ISI in Afghanistan in more detail.

The ISI has always favoured the Islamists in Afghanistan over any other dissident faction or group because Pakistan was founded on Islamist ideals; having political Islamists running Afghanistan would allow the ISI to meddle more easily in Afghanistan under the pretext of the Muslim brotherhood.

Since the 1970s, Pakistan has protected the Islamists in Afghanistan and provided them with shelter, training and weapons. At that time, Afghanistan was slowly changing into a modern progressive society; women were beginning to show their faces, there was more equality between the genders and cities were being modernised through development. The ISI on the other hand, were planning new tactics to counter this progression, and so the “Peshawar Seven” were born.

The Peshawar Seven, aided by the ISI and the Islamic Middle East, started to promote the “Islam is in danger” war cry just as Afghanistan was leaving behind the backwardness and tribalism that had plagued its society since its creation as a state. The ISI knew very well that a radical form of Islam could counter a strong Afghanistan so they worked on people’s emotions and spread propaganda such as “Afghan women are wearing skirts and not wearing the Burqa” through radio, mosques and loudspeakers all over the refugee camps in Pakistan.

While Pakistan enjoyed a secular lifestyle with a moderate Islamic law system, under which women were permitted to sing songs about Pakistan and promote Punjabi Pakistani culture and arts, the ISI had other plans for the people of Afghanistan; these plans were not nice and were extremely two faced.

On 27th November, 1979 a call for jihad was made by the ISI-led “resistance parties”. The ISI had run out of patience, and wanted to start the war quickly while there were no Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan. The ISI wanted to start some form of rebellion in the name of Islamic Jihad because they knew full well the Afghan government would call upon Soviet assistance, as it had done in the past, especially when Pakistan blockaded Afghan trade routes.

Pakistan sidelined any groups opposed to the Socialist Government of Afghanistan that did not hold or follow an Islamist belief; and that is how the Peshawar Seven came into being. All the members of this group were chosen by ISI/Islamabad. The groups within the Peshawar Seven were all radical Islamists; they were as follows:-

· Hizbul-Islami-Afghanistan led by Hekmatyar
· Hizbul-e-islami Afghanistan led by Maulvi Younas Khalis
· Jamiet-e-Islami Afghanistan led by Prof Burhan Ud Din Rabbani
· Ittehad-e-Islami Afghanistan led by Abdul Rabb Rasool Sayaf
· Mahaz-e-Millie e Islami Afghanistan led by Syed Ahmed Gilani
· Jabha De Nijat e Milli-e-Afghanistan led by Prof Sibghatullah Mujaddidi
· Harkat-e-Inqilab e Afghanistan led by Maulvi Muhammad Nabi Muhammadi


The Peshawar Seven were opportunists who were looking for any opportunity to enter Afghan politics, and they were assisted by the ISI who felt it would benefit them. Take the example of Daud’s coup in 1973; at the time, Burhan ud Rabbani offered Daud assistance from the Islamic movement on the condition that he left his communist comrades. Daud knew that this was an attempt by Pakistan to place their proxies in the Afghan government; Daud refused and many Islamists were arrested.

Afghanistan was constantly attacked by a revolution that was started in Pakistan and funded by the ISI. The Arab world also wanted a piece of the pie, and found the idea of an Afghanistan under Islamists quite attractive; that’s why the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood leader, Umar Salasani, visited Peshawar in October 1982 to show his support for the likes of Hekmatyar and for the Islamic revolution in Afghanistan.

The Islamists, had always turned to the Pakistanis for help and assistance; even during the rule of Sardar Daud, Younis Khalis, the leader of the Khalis group, would visit ISI-led Islamic Madrassahs such as the Darol Ul Haqqania in Akora Khattak, Nowshera district, to seek knowledge and education in implementing what the author would refer to as “Arabisation through radical Islamic doctrine”. In addition Younis Khalis formed a group that was against obscenity that went the name of “Hebz-Tawabin” in Ningrahar and Kabul. Younis Khalis also had a weekly magazine entitled “Gaheez” in 1968, which was used to produce materials in support of a radical Islamic system. Again, he was funded by and linked with the Aala-Al Maudoodi, then the Chief of Jama at-e-Islami in Pakistan.

The ISI knew very well, that if other Islamist groups were to emerge, they would find it very difficult to control and organise them, so they gave ultimatums that a failure to join one of the recognised Peshawar Seven groups would mean no weapons, and, without weapons and funding, the Islamists would be powerless in their Jihad against Afghanistan. The ISI developed a special cell by the name of the Afghan Bureau, which assisted and helped Islamist fighters in Afghanistan, provided those arms and weapons, and forged links with warehouses to provide constant supplies to bring about a radical Islamist revolution in Afghanistan.

Pakistan has two faces and suffers from self-denial; there have been countless times that Pakistan has denied any link or connection with Islamists in Afghanistan but then has been exposed. Pakistan would always deny it was arming Afghan refugees, and state that the fighters were in the tribal areas just to prevent it being seen to break any UN rules; however, everyone knew the Pakistanis were arming the Islamists, recruiting and brainwashing them in refugee camps through scare mongering tactics, and funding Islamists to spread propaganda. However, according to Brigadier Mohammed Yousaf of the Pakistani Army:

“During my four years some 80,000 Mujahedeen were trained, hundreds of thousands of arms and ammunition were distributed, several billion dollars were spent on this immense logistic exercise and ISI teams regularly entered Afghanistan alongside the Mujahedeen”. [1]

Pakistan remains a corrupt double dealer and two-faced hypocrite to this day. It is double dealing its own allies, on one hand taking dollars from the Americans, but on the other hand using those dollars to train suicide bombers to kill innocent Afghans through the Haqqani network and so to get even with India on Afghan soil.

Pakistan’s main goal in Afghanistan was to create a Pan Islamist entity, and a federation for which Pakistan’s Punjab would be the capital. US representative Wilson stated that the Pakistanis were committed to Hekmatyar as they predicted, just like Zia ul haq did, a world conflict between Muslims and Hindus. However, what makes the author astonished but not surprised is Zia Ul Haq’s plans to turn Afghanistan into another province. Wilson recalls Zia Ul Haq giving him a map “in which overlays indicated the goal of a confederation embracing first Pakistan and Afghanistan and eventually Central Asia and Kashmir”. [2]

The ISI was instrumental in forming these plans for a Pakistani-led confederation that would imperialise other countries in the region and radically Islamize their societies as a counter-strike against any rebellion against Pakistani control. Pakistan has a very long record of using Islam as a shield for its strategic interests in the region, and Afghanistan is a very good example of this.

The whole anti-Soviet war was not a war for the liberation of the Afghan people, but a war for ISI/Pakistan’s Islamic interests. Dr Marwat recalled an Islamist Afghan refugee leader stating the following:-

“We will try to make Pakistan and Afghanistan one country with a new name of Islamistan, and if not possible, then we will make a confederation of the two countries”[3]

Pakistan used radical Islamic beliefs and teachings to turn Afghanistan into a province so that if an attack by India occurred the Pakistanis would have easy access to station its troops and citizens in Afghanistan. The author feels that another reason why Pakistan required a defenceless Afghanistan to exploit was so that it could use the terrain and the people as proxies, or allow the establishment of militant groups for the liberation of Kashmir from India.

The traitorous and backward-minded sell-out Mullahs, not only supported taking anti-progressive measures, but also sold Afghanistan piece by piece to the Pakistanis. Even in May 1991 when the UN produced a five point peace plan for Afghanistan that promoted a ceasefire, fair elections and an end to all arms supplies, the bickering Mullahs and their Islamist supporters rejected the plan, and Hekmatyar requested the Pakistani government to formulate a new plan to satisfy the Mujahedeen. As usual, the Islamists begged Pakistan to defend them and their criminal ways.

To save its Islamist assets and secure Pakistan’s dominance over a future Afghanistan, in April 1992 Nawaz Sharif made the Peshawar Seven sign an accord to create a Mujahedeen government in Kabul. Nawaz Sharif, ISI general Nasir Ahmed, Army Chief of Staff General Asif Nawaz Janjuwa and Saudi Prince Turki Al Faisal all came to show their support to this interim government.

The real reason for this interim government was to secure both Pakistani and Radical Wahabist Arab interests in Afghanistan. The ISI knew that uniting the factions under a pan-Islamist ideology with allegiance to Pakistan would prevent the bickering Mullahs from fighting one another. However, as usual, the author feels the Mullahs were only interested in money, as Nawaz Sharif gave President Mujaddedi a cheque for 250 million rupees.

As time progressed, the accord failed due to infighting and constant bickering on who should be involved in sharing power; the Islamists had no idea nor knowledge of how to run a country, in the same way the Taliban had no understanding nor knowledge of how to run Afghanistan during the 90s. Due to this disturbance, on 7th March 1993 the Pakistanis, Saudis and Iranians brought all the Mujahedeen leaders to Islamabad, Pakistan to sign a power sharing plan called the Islamabad accord.

The Peshawar Seven/Islamists proved to be useless leaders and men of no value with regard to making Afghanistan stable and strong. The Afghan people, especially the refugees, were mistreated and forced to join the Peshawar Seven. People in most camps were required to become a member of one of the Peshawar Seven groups to be entitled to an identity and ration card from the Afghan refugee’s commissionrate. These were later called the “ration card parties” and they were led by Maliks/Mullahs who made money on the miseries of the Afghan people.

Pakistan’s intentions towards Afghanistan have always been cruel and self-centred. According to Dr Qaudir Amiryar, a professor at George Washington University, Pakistan supported the radical islamization of Afghanistan and favoured the Islamists, while rejecting the Secularist/Nationalists; they resorted to rejecting their visas and even denied a visa to King Zahir Shah.

The ISI could not see Kabul in peace or modernised. Most of the American aid destined for the Islamists went straight into the pockets of the Punjab/ISI elite in Islamabad/Rawalpindi. Zia Ul Haq made it quite clear, that all American assistance to the Mujahedeen/Islamists should go directly through Pakistan alone. Pakistan used the aid first to modernise and strengthen its army along the Indian-Pakistani border and secondly to provide a share of the aid to its most favoured Islamist elements in Afghanistan.

The ISI was never an organisation that wanted to see Afghanistan in peace; in fact the same General Akhtar Abdur Rahman of the ISI stated that “Kabul must burn”.[4] The ISI’s intention was to secure a future Islamist Afghanistan that would be recruited to serve the interests of Pakistan in the name of Islam and Al Jihad, even though most of Pakistan was living a different lifestyle to the one proposed and promoted by the ISI in Afghanistan. The ISI needed its Islamist assets to counterattack Secularism/Pashtun Nationalism in Afghanistan. It supported Islamist culture, such as suicide bombing camps, public lashings for minor crimes and the abolishment of indigenous culture and music, while Pakistan itself promoted a different kind of lifestyle on its own soil, with hardly any rebellion or objection from the Islamist parties, such as JUI which was more focused on destroying the well-being of Afghans than Pakistanis.

More years went by and peace was never brought to the land of Afghanistan. The same Mujahedeen, which had claimed at the start that is was bringing liberty to the Afghan people, started fighting one another for power. The ISI and other agencies were the main orchestrators of the mess, especially during the civil war. Pakistan’s Afghan policy started to face many problems, one being unaccomplished missions and another being the expense of funding particular under-performing proxies.

Hekmatyar and Dostum failed to capture Kabul and it eventually became too expensive for the Pakistanis to fund their activities. Rabbani become difficult to overthrow in Kabul and had sided with the Iranians, Russians and India. With the Kashmir front also being fought for by the ISI and the Pakistanis, the ISI found it difficult to organise its proxies and keep them intact due to the fact that most of the aid from the West stopped after the end of the Cold War. Pakistan had successfully destroyed Afghanistan, dismantled its infrastructure and turned its people into its “Jihadis of fortune”.

With the on-going dispute between Ahmed Shah Masood and Pakistan over aid and arms, the Pakistanis were in desperate need to formulate a new strategy to keep its influence intact in Afghanistan. This new strategy was the Taliban. The ISI, with the assistance of the JUI party, started to recruit young boys from well-known Islamist Madrassahs all over Pakistan; Darol ul Haqqani/Binori Masjid being one of the main recruiting centres.

Pakistan also started creating divisions by ethnicity and couldn’t resist turning the conflict into a Pashtun vs. Tajik war. The author can recall how Pakistanis used false propaganda and scare mongering tactics about a decline in Pashto usage in Afghanistan and the country being ruled by minorities. This spread into the minds of gullible Pashtuns all over the Pashtun region, but in fact it was Pakistan that had reduced Pushto’s importance by replacing it with Urdu in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. This is the same Pakistan that armed the non-Pashtuns under Rabbani and Ahmad Shah Masood to counter Pashtun Nationalism. Now the tides had turned in a different direction and the ISI took full advantage of it.

The Taliban followed a radical Islamist ideology that brought Afghanistan back into Pakistan’s sphere of influence. Most of the Northern Alliance realised, regardless of its Islamist past, that Pakistan was a double dealer and an untrustworthy friend. Former assets of Pakistan within the Peshawar Seven started to turn their guns on Pakistani interests, which led to Pakistan’s ISI trying to find some way to take control once again. The Taliban, under the pretext of “bringing peace and order”, was assigned the likes of Col Imam and Col Faizan by the ISIS to assist Taliban military gains and to take control of the Afghan capital of Kabul.

However, the author feels, there was another reason why the ISI and the Pakistanis invented the Taliban that the media and most readers never discuss; to show this, the author would like to point out the events that took place after Kandahar was taken by the Taliban. During the Zia Ul Haq government, Zia himself had always dreamed of an Islamist union with Pakistan as the leader, as mentioned earlier. Zia ul Haq really wanted to provide Pakistan with access to Central Asia, especially through the trade that goes through Afghanistan. The author feels the purpose of the Taliban was to secure this trade route through Afghanistan, as well as bringing order and preventing attacks from rivals or enemies of Pakistani interests.

General Babar, who was a Pakistani commander in the frontier corps, was the man who developed the Afghan trade development cell that had the task of facilitating a trade route to Central Asia. However, the author feels that Pakistan favoured its own economic interests over the so called peace they claim to have brought to Afghanistan through the Taliban. Pakistan was very much involved in projects in Afghanistan such as Pakistani Telecom setting up a microwave telephone network for the Taliban in Kandahar, which then became part of the Pakistani telephone grid.

Civilian Pakistani engineers from the Public Works Department and the water/power development authority worked on making road repairs and supplying electricity to Kandahar. Pakistan was once again, working to integrate Kandahar as a Pakistani city by providing development packages; however, the Pakistan Army was also involved, and was tasked to help the Taliban set up an internal wireless network for its commanders in the field. The PIA (Pakistani International Airlines) and the PAF (Pakistani Air Force) sent technicians to Kandahar airport to repair it along with the MIG fighter jets and helicopters captured by the Taliban.

When the Taliban captured Herat, the Pakistanis became joyful and decided to send a ten-man team led by the Director-General of the Afghan Trade Development Cell by road from Quetta to Turkmenistan. Those with him included men from the civil aviation, Pakistan Telecom, PIA, Pakistan Railways, Radio Pakistan and the National Bank of Pakistan. The individuals and their ministries were encouraged to fund and support the Taliban from their budgets.

The author feels the Pakistanis used the Taliban to extend their influence into Central Asia through an Islamist ideology. The Pakistanis knew very well that the society would become weak due to religious conflict, and with a Pakistani presence in the region they could somehow enter the politics and social life of the inhabitants through the name of the Muslim Brotherhood. However, the Pakistanis have their own interests, and couldn’t care less whose lives they destroy. Pakistan aimed to imperialise Afghanistan, and make Afghanistan dependent on its projects and development packages, and sooner or later planned to fully integrate it as a province led by Islamists.

Those vile and gullible supporters of Taliban must realise the Taliban were/are proxies of the Pakistani ISI and government. If NATO had not disrupted the Taliban network and operations in the region, the whole of Afghanistan would have become another province of Pakistan flooded by Islamist elements from abroad.

Pakistan armed, supported and provided assistance to the Taliban from its creation and throughout its time ruling Afghanistan; now one must ask what if NATO had not attacked the Taliban? What would the policy of the Taliban towards Pakistan be? Pakistan infected the fabric of Afghan society with the poisonous Islamist Ideology and anti progressive militancy. The Taliban supporters can use all the justifications they can come up with, but the fact remains that it was due to Pakistan that the Taliban become what they are today.


By

Amir Khan Maseed


Afghan Patriot.




References

Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat (Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.

M. Hassan Kakar, Mohammed Kakar (1997). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. USA: University of California Press. 291.

William Maley (2001). Fundamentalism reborn?Afghanistan and the Taliban. UK: C. Hurst and Co Ltd. 84-86.

[1] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat (Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[2] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat (Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[3] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat (Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[4] M. Hassan Kakar, Mohammed Kakar (1997). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. USA: University of California Press . 291.

Last edited by Soldat_Amir; 11-15-2011 at 08:45 AM. Reason: I have had it proofread by a company with grammer mistakes corrected
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Default 11-09-2011, 10:29 AM

My new piece highlighting ISI role in Afghanistan from the start to the 90's. I have tried to use as much Pashtun writers sources as I could find.

I hope you like it.

Deera Manana

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Default 11-09-2011, 11:23 PM

"Afghanistan at the time was slowly changing into a modern progressive society, whereby women were beginning to show their faces"

Please elaborate.


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For generations, the Hindus of India prayed for deliverance from "the venom of the cobra, the teeth of the tiger and the vengeance of the Afghan."

The men of Kábul and Khilj also went home; and whenever they were questioned about the Musulmáns of the Kohistán (the mountains), and how matters stood there, they said, "Don't call it Kohistán, but Afghánistán; for there is nothing there but Afgháns and disturbances." Thus it is clear that for this reason the people of the country call their home in their own language Afghánistán, and themselves Afgháns. The people of India call them Patán; but the reason for this is not known. But it occurs to me, that when, under the rule of Muhammadan sovereigns, Musulmáns first came to the city of Patná, and dwelt there, the people of India (for that reason) called them Patáns—but God knows!

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Default 11-10-2011, 01:34 AM

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Originally Posted by Admin Khan View Post
"Afghanistan at the time was slowly changing into a modern progressive society, whereby women were beginning to show their faces"

Please elaborate.
he's talking about those pictures floating on internet where they show them wearin "western" clothes or whatever


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Default 11-10-2011, 07:10 AM

Quote:
Originally Posted by Admin Khan View Post
"Afghanistan at the time was slowly changing into a modern progressive society, whereby women were beginning to show their faces"

Please elaborate.
Admin Khana

I was referring to the 60's and 70's, whereby Afghans started to look outside their country for influence and ideas on how to modernise their country. Take the example of Kabul, one could see, women walk freely on the streets without their faces covered, one could see, women in the Afghan army dressed in Military clothes marching alongside men, I was also referring to the period, where Women worked, especially as midwifes, and in Hospitals as nurses. Also, it was this same period, whereby Afghanistan received a lot of investment and development packages from both the West and the Soviet union, a lot of educational facilities were built, that contributed to women being seen as equals.
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Default 11-10-2011, 09:05 AM

This is taking tinfoil hat wearing to near extreme levels.
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Default 11-10-2011, 10:49 AM

It's a nice read. I don't have that much knowledge about ISI, only what I have read on internet and some other sources. Even now when US and the other countrys are realising that ISI is behind most of the terrorists, the so called fighters for Islam don't want to see the truth. But you must also not forget that Iran also plays some role in it. I once saw an old video of an demonstration in Iran and they shouted that "Kabul must burn to the ground" becuase we had an secular and socialist goverment at that time, so it is not just Pakistan, Iran is also an bitch.
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Default 11-10-2011, 12:17 PM

Nice work Soldat-amir bhaji Nice work Bhaji

I'm punjabi but i dont like ISI... i was joking when i said ISI Zindabad.....

They support terrorism, it's not a good choice i think.
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Default 11-11-2011, 03:48 PM

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Originally Posted by Soldat_Amir View Post
ISI and Afghanistan




The ISI, the Intelligence agency of Pakistan has played a very dangerous role in Afghanistan from arming unsavoury figures to flooding the country with weapons during the civil war. The ISI has done it all, and through any means to keep Afghanistan weak and on its knees. The ISI is the main obstacle in the way of progression in the region. The ISI has interfered, meddled and forced its way into Afghan affairs right from the beginning. The author will discuss the role of the ISI in Afghanistan in more detail.

The ISI has always favoured the Islamist in Afghanistan than any other dissident faction or group, because Pakistan was founded on Islamist ideals and by having a Political Islamist running Afghanistan, it will allow the ISI to easily meddle in Afghanistan under the pretext of Muslim brotherhood.

Since the 1970’s, Pakistan has protected the Islamists in Afghanistan and provided them with shelter, training and weapons. Afghanistan at the time was slowly changing into a modern progressive society, whereby women were beginning to show their faces, equality of the genders and cities were being modernised through development. The ISI on the other hand, were planning, their new tactics to counter this progression and the “Peshawar Seven” were born.

The Peshawar Seven, aided by the ISI and the Islamic Middle East, started to promote the whole “Islam is in danger” war cry, as Afghanistan was leaving behind the backwardness and tribalism that plagued its society since its creation as a state. The ISI knew very well, a radical form of Islam, could counter a strong Afghanistan, and by using the peoples emotions, and spreading the usual propaganda such as “Afghan women are wearing skirts and not wearing the Burqa” were being transmitted through radio, mosques and loudspeakers all over the refugee camps in Pakistan.

While Pakistan enjoyed a secular lifestyle, a moderate Islamic law system, whereby women were permitted to sing songs about Pakistan, promote Punjabi Pakistani culture and arts, the ISI had other plans for the people of Afghanistan, and it was not nice but very much two faced.

However, on the 27th November 1979, a call for jihad was called by the ISI led “resistance parties”, the ISI was out of patience, and wanted to start the war sooner, as there were no Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan, the ISI wanted to start some form of rebellion in the name of Islamic Jihad, because they knew full well, the Afghan government would call upon Soviet assistance, as they have done in the past, especially when Pakistan blockaded Afghan trade routes.

Pakistan sidelined any groups opposed to the Socialist government of Afghanistan who did not hold or follow an Islamist belief, that’s how the Peshawar seven came into being, they were all chosen by ISI/Islamabad. One can see as from the names of groups within the Peshawar seven the radical Islamist side as follows:-

· Hizbul-Islami-Afghanistan led by Hekmatyar
· Hizbul-e-islami Afghanistan led by Maulvi Younas Khalis
· Jamiet-e-Islami Afghanistan led by Prof Burhan Ud Din Rabbani
· Ittehad-e-Islami Afghanistan led by Abdul Rabb Rasool Sayaf
· Mahaz-e-Millie e Islami Afghanistan led by Syed Ahmed Gilani
· Jabha De Nijat e Milli-e-Afghanistan led by Prof Sibghatullah Mujaddidi
· Harkat-e-Inqilab e Afghanistan led by Maulvi Muhammad Nabi Muhammadi


The Peshawar Seven, were opportunists who were looking for any opportunity to enter Afghan politics, especially when the ISI felt it would benefit them, take the example of Daud’s coup in 1973, at the time,Burhan ud Rabbani offered Daud assistance from the Islamic movement, on one condition, that he leave his communist comrades. Daud knew it was a step up by Pakistan to find the opportunity to place their proxies into the Afghan government; Daud refused and resulted in many Islamists being arrested.

Afghanistan was constantly attacked by a revolution that started in Pakistan, and funded by the ISI. The Arab world also wanted a piece of the pie, and found a Afghanistan under Islamists quite attractive, that’s why the Egyptian Muslim brotherhood leader Umar Salasani, visited Peshawar during the month of October 1982 to show his support for the likes of Hekmatyar and for the Islamic revolution in Afghanistan.

The Islamists, had always turned to the Pakistanis for help and assistance, even during the rule of Sardar Daud, Younis Khalis, the leader of the Khalis group, would visit Pakistani ISI led Islamic Madrassahs such as the Darol Ul Haqqania, in Akora Khattak, Nowshera district, to seek knowledge and education in implementing what the author would refer to as “Arabisation through radical Islamic doctrine” in Afghanistan, not only this, but Younis Khalis, also formed a group by the name of “Hebz-Tawabin” in Ningrahar and Kabul against obscenity. Younis Khalis, also had a weekly magazine by the name of “Gaheez” in 1968, which was used to produce materials in support of a radical Islamic system, once again, he was funded and linked with the Aala-Al Maudoodi, the then Chief of Jama at-e-Islami in Pakistan.

The ISI knew very well, that if other Islamist groups emerge, they would find it very difficult to control and organise them, so they gave ultimatums, that failure to join one of the recognised Peshawar Seven groups, would mean no weapons, and without weapons and funding, the Islamists would be powerless in their Jihad against Afghanistan. The ISI developed a special cell, by the name of the Afghan bureau, which assisted and helped Islamist fighters in Afghanistan, provided those arms and weapons, and forged links with warehouses to provide constant supply of supplies to bring a radical Islamist revolution in Afghanistan.

Pakistan has two faces, and suffers from self denial; the amount of times Pakistan has denied any link or connection with Islamists in Afghanistan but has been exposed is limitless to this day. Pakistan would always deny they were arming Afghan refugees, and stated the fighters are in the tribal areas just to keep its back covered from breaking any UN rules, however, everyone knew the Pakistanis would arming the Islamists, recruiting and brainwashing them in refugee camps through scare mongering tactics and funding Islamists to spread propaganda. However, according to Pakistani brigadier Mohammed Yousaf of Pakistani Army, stated as follows in his confessions:-

“During my four years some 80,000 Mujahedeen were trained, hundreds of thousands of arms and ammunition were distributed, several billion dollars were spent on this immense logistic exercise and ISI teams regularly entered Afghanistan alongside the Mujahedeen”. [1]

Pakistan being the corrupted double dealer and two faced hypocrite, to this day, is double dealing its own allies, one side taking dollars from the Americans, other side using the dollars to train suicide bombers through the Haqqani network to kill innocent Afghans and get even with India on Afghan soil.

Pakistan’s main goal in Afghanistan, was to create a Pan Islamist entity, and a federation whereby Pakistan’s Punjab would be the capital, as US representative Wilson stated the Pakistanis were committed to Hekmatyar as they saw just like Zia did a world conflict between Muslims and Hindus, however, what makes the author astonished but not surprised is Zia Ul Haq’s plans of turning Afghanistan into another province, as Wilson recalls Zia ul haq giving him a map “in Which overlays indicated the goal of a confederation embracing first Pakistan and Afghanistan and eventually Central Asia and Kashmir”. [2]

The ISI were instrumental in achieving these plans of a Pakistani led confederation that would imperialise other countries in the region, and radically Islamize their societies, to play a some what counter strike against any rebellion against Pakistani control, as you know, Pakistan has a very long record of using Islam as a shield against its strategic interests in the region and Afghanistan is a very good example.

The whole Anti Soviet war, was not a war for the liberation of the Afghan people, but a war for ISI/Pakistan’s Islamic interests, as according to Dr Marwat, he recalled a Islamist Afghan refugee leader stating the following:-

“We will try to make Pakistan and Afghanistan one country with a new name of Islamistan, and if not possible, then we will make a confederation of the two countries”[3]

Pakistan used radical Islamic beliefs and teachings to turn Afghanistan into another province, whereby if an attack by India occurs, the Pakistanis would have easy access to station its troops and citizens in Afghanistan, plus the author feels, the other reason why Pakistan required a defenceless Afghanistan to exploit, was that it could use the terrain and the people as proxies, or allow the establishment of militant groups to use for the liberation of Kashmir from India.

The traitorous and backward minded sell out Mullahs, not only supported taking anti progressive measures, but also sold Afghanistan piece by piece to the Pakistanis. Even when the UN in May 1991, produced the five point peace plan for Afghanistan, that promoted a ceasefire, fair elections and an end to all arms supplies. The bickering Mullahs, and their Islamist supporters, rejected the plan, and Hekmatyar requested the Pakistani government to formulate a new plan to satisfy the Mujahedeen. As usual, the Islamists begged for Pakistan to defend them and their criminal ways.

To save its Islamist assets and secure Pakistan’s dominance over a future Afghanistan, Nawaz Sharif in April 1992 made the Peshawar Seven sign an accord to create a Mujahedeen government in Kabul. Nawaz Sharif, ISI general Nasir Ahmed, Army chief of Staff General Asif Nawaz Janjuwa and Saudi Prince Turki Al Faisal, came to show their support to this interim government.

The real reason for this interim government, was to secure both Pakistani and Radical Wahabist Arab interests in Afghanistan, the ISI knew, by uniting the factions, under a Pan Islamist ideology, with alliance to Pakistan, would prevent the bickering Mullahs from fighting one another, however, as usual, the author feels, the Mullahs were only interested in the money as Nawaz Sharif gave President Mujaddedi a cheque of 250 Million rupees.

As time progressed, the accord failed due to infighting and constant bickering on who should share power, the Islamists had no idea nor knowledge of running a country, the same way the Taliban had no understanding nor knowledge of running Afghanistan during the 90’s. Due to this disturbance, the Pakistanis, Saudis and Iranians on 7th March 1993 brought all the Mujahedeen leaders to Islamabad, Pakistan to sign a power sharing plan called the Islamabad accord.

The Peshawar Seven/Islamists proved to be useless leaders and men of no value in regards to making Afghanistan stable and strong. The Afghan people, especially the refugees were mistreated and forced to join the Peshawar Seven, as most camps were required to be a member of one of the “Peshawar Seven” groups to be entitled to an identity and ration card from the Afghan refugee’s commissionrate. It was later called the “ration card parties” which were led by Maliks/Mullahs, who would make money on them miseries of the Afghan people.

Pakistan’s intentions towards Afghanistan have always been cruel and self centred. According to Dr Qaudir Amiryar, who is a professor at George Washington University stated that Pakistan supported the Radical Islamization of Afghanistan and only favoured the Islamists, while rejecting the Secularist/Nationalists and also resorted to rejecting their visas and even denied a visa for King Zahir Shah.

The ISI, could not see Kabul in peace nor modernised, most of the American aid destined for the Islamists, went straight into the pockets of the Punjab/ISI elite in Islamabad/Rawalpindi. As one can recall Zia ul haq, making it quite clear, that all American assistance to the Mujahedeen/Islamists should go directly through Pakistan only. Pakistan used the aid, to one modernise and strengthen its army along the Indian-Pakistani border and two to provide the share of the aid to its most favoured Islamist elements in Afghanistan.

The ISI was never an organisation that wanted Afghanistan in peace, as a matter of fact; it was the same General Akhtar Abdur Rahman of the ISI who stated that “Kabul must burn”. [4]ISI’s whole intention was to secure a future Islamist Afghanistan that would be recruited to serve the interests of Pakistan in the name of Islam and Al Jihad. Even though, most of Pakistan was living a different lifestyle as to the one proposed and promoted by the ISI in Afghanistan. The ISI, needed its Islamist assets to counter attack Secularism/Pashtun Nationalism in Afghanistan. The ISI supports Islamist culture, such as Suicide bombing camps, public lashing over minor crimes and the abolishment of indigenous culture and music, while on the other hand Pakistan promotes a different kind of lifestyle on its own soil, with hardly any rebellion nor objection from the Islamist parties such as JUI who are more focused on destroying the well being of Afghans than the Pakistanis.

As usual, the years went by, and peace was never brought to the land of Afghanistan, the same Mujahedeen, who claimed at the start to bring liberty to the Afghan people, started fighting one another for power. The ISI and other agencies were the main orchestrators of the mess, especially during the civil war. Pakistan’s Afghan policy started to face many problems, one being missions unaccomplished and two being the expenses in funding particular under performing proxies.

Hekmatyar and Dostum failed to capture Kabul, and became too expensive for the Pakistanis to fund their activities. Rabbani become difficult to overthrow in Kabul, and had sided with the Iranians, Russians and India, with the Kashmir front also being fought for by the ISI and the Pakistanis, the ISI found it difficult to organise its proxies and keep them intact, due to the fact, that most aid from the West stopped after the end of the cold war. As Pakistan successfully destroyed Afghanistan, dismantled its infrastructure and turned its people into its “Jihadis of fortune”.

With the on going dispute with Ahmed Shah Masood and Pakistan over aid and arms, the Pakistanis were in desperate need to formulate a new strategy to keep its influence intact in Afghanistan. This new strategy was the Taliban. The ISI with the assistance of the JUI party, started to recruit young boys from well known Islamist Madrassahs all over Pakistan.Darol ul Haqqani/Binori Masjid being one of the main recruiting centres.

However, Pakistan also looked into creating divisions by ethnicity and couldn’t resist in turning the conflict into a Pashtun vs. Tajik war. The author can recall how Pakistanis were using false propaganda such as the scare mongering tactics on the basis of a decline Pashto usage in Afghanistan and the country being ruled by minorities, being spread into the minds of gullible Pashtuns all over the Pashtun region. When in fact, it is Pakistan who has removed Pushto’s importance, and replaced it with Urdu in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, it is the same Pakistan who armed the Non Pashtuns under Rabbani and Ahmad Shah Masood to counter Pashtun Nationalism, now the tides have turned into a different direction and the ISI took full advantage of it.

The Taliban follow a radical Islamist ideology that brought Afghanistan back into the Pakistan sphere of influence. Most of the Northern Alliance realised, regardless of their Islamist past, that Pakistan was a double dealer and untrustworthy friend. Former assets of Pakistan within the Peshawar Seven, started to turn their guns on Pakistani interests, which led to Pakistan’s ISI to find some way to take control once again. The Taliban under the pretext of “bringing peace and order” were assigned by the ISI through the likes of Col Imam and Col Faizan, to assist Taliban military gains and to take control of the Afghan capital of Kabul.

However, the author feels, there was another reason why the ISI and the Pakistanis invented the Taliban, that most readers and the media never discuss. The author likes to point out the events that took place after Kandahar was taken by the Taliban. During the Zia Ul Haq government, Zia himself, had always dreamed of an Islamist union with Pakistan being the leader, as mentioned on the article at the start. Zia ul Haq really wanted to provide Pakistan access to Central Asia, especially through trade that goes through Afghanistan. The author feels, the purpose of the Taliban was to secure this trade route through Afghanistan, bring order and prevent attacks from rivals or enemies of Pakistani interests.

General Babar, who was a Pakistani commander in the frontier corps, was the man who developed the Afghan trade development cell that had the task of facilitating a trade route to Central Asia. However, the author feels, that Pakistan only favoured its own economical interests over the so called peace they claim to have brought to Afghanistan through the Taliban, Pakistan was very much involved in projects in Afghanistan such as the Pakistani telecom, setting up a microwave telephone network for the Taliban in Kandahar, which then became part of the Pakistani telephone grid.

The Pakistani Civilian engineers from the Public Works Department and the water/power development authority provided and worked on road repairs and electricity supply to Kandahar. Pakistan was once again, working to integrate Kandahar as a Pakistani city, by providing development packages, however, the Pakistan Army was also involved too, and as they were tasked to help the Taliban set up an internal wireless network for their commanders in the field. The PIA (Pakistani International Air lines) and the PAF (Pakistani Air Force) sent technicians to the Kandahar air port to repair the airport, also the MIG fighter jets and helicopters captured by the Taliban.

When the Taliban captured Herat, the Pakistanis became joyful, and decided to send a ten man team which was led by the Director-General of the Afghan trade Development Cell by road from Quetta to Turkmenistan, those who were with him were men from the civil aviation, Pakistan Telecom, PIA, Pakistan railways, Radio Pakistan and the National bank of Pakistan. The individuals and their ministries were encouraged to fund and support the Taliban from their budget.

The author feels, the Pakistanis only used the Taliban, to extend their influence into Central Asia, with an Islamist ideology, the Pakistanis knew very well, that societies would become weak due to religious conflict, and with a Pakistani presence in the region, they could some how, enter the politics and social life of the inhabitants through the name of Muslim brotherhood, but on the other hand, the Pakistanis have their own interests, and couldn’t care less whose lives they destroy. Pakistan was aiming to imperialise Afghanistan, turn Afghanistan dependent on its projects and development packages, and sooner or later fully integrate it as a province led by Islamists.

Those vile and gullible supporters of Taliban must realise the Taliban were/ are proxies of the Pakistani ISI and government, If Nato had not disrupted the Taliban network and operations in the region, the whole of Afghanistan would have been became another province of Pakistan flooded by Islamist elements from abroad.

Pakistan armed, supported and provided assistance to the Taliban throughout its creation to its time ruling Afghanistan, now one must ask themselves; what if NATO had not attacked the Taliban, what would the policy of the Taliban towards Pakistan be like. Pakistan infected the fabric of Afghan society with the poisonous Islamist Ideology and anti progressive militancy. The Taliban supporters can use all the justifications they can come up with, but the fact remains is, it was due to Pakistan that the Taliban become what they are today.


By

Amir Khan Maseed


Afghan Patriot.




References

Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat(Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.

M. Hassan Kakar, Mohammed Kakar (1997). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. USA: University of California Press . 291.

William Maley (2001). Fundamentalism reborn?: Afghanistan and the Taliban. UK: C.Hurst and Co LTD. 84-86.


[1] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat(Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[2] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat(Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[3] Dr Fazal-Ur-Rahim Marwat. (2005). The Illusory "Peshawar Seven" Tanzimat(Parties). In: Dr Marwat From Muhajir to Mujahid. Peshawar: University of Peshawar. 59-99.


[4] M. Hassan Kakar, Mohammed Kakar (1997). Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979-1982. USA: University of California Press . 291.
Its a well written essay Amir, but does not address the true history of the region:

In:

Insurgents, terrorists, and militias: the warriors of contemporary combat By Richard H. Shultz, Andrea J. Dew on page 167

"The PDPA policies for governing Afghanistan, however, proved to be impracticle and alienated the rural population. Some of the PDPA's agricultural policies for example, clashed with the traditional tribal practices of land ownership and use. Moreover attempts by the PDPA to enforce land and labor reform on the rural tribes quickly resulted in a widespread violent rebellion in the provinces.."

The US, State Department independently confirms this history:

"Opposition to the Marxist government emerged almost immediately. During its first 18 months of rule, the PDPA brutally imposed a Marxist-style "reform" program, which ran counter to deeply rooted Afghan traditions. In addition, thousands of members of the traditional elite, the religious establishment, and the intelligentsia were imprisoned, tortured, or murdered. Conflicts within the PDPA also surfaced early and resulted in exiles, purges, imprisonments, and executions."

http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5380.htm

Dr. Amstutz confirms this in his text: Afghanistan, the First Five Years of Soviet Occupation:

page 239 reads:

"So instead of winning the support of the landless peasents, the Taraki Amin regimes caused agrarian chaos and misery...The Marxists had expecte that their land reform program would gain widespread rural support. However, just the opposite occured. Much of the armed rebellion that broke out in 1978 was related to land reform. The peasantry provided the resistance with its MOST enthusiastic support."

http://books.google.com/books?id=RUS...page&q&f=false


Indian Author Nijjir, independently confirms this:

"But friction arose between the two factions, and their Marxist reform programs sparked major rebellions in the countryside in 1979."

http://books.google.com/books?id=xQM...page&q&f=false

So the reality is that the process went like this:

A) Zahir Shah's government and Daud were toadstools and, like most Muslim leaders, instead of developing internal strength, they chose to be, like their neighbor Pakistan, a parasitic nation that would accept monetary and other benefits from super powers ---> B) They gravitated towards the Soviet sphere of influence, but this influence really was monetary and not yet full blown intervention into the lives of the Afghan people ---> C) Marxists reach power pinnacle and start imposing communism ---> D) The Afghan masses of the countryside do not agree with these reforms and revolt ---> E) World powers augment the capabilities of the Afghan rebels and draw the Soviets in ---> F) The Soviets take the bait and stage an intervention into Afghanistan and devastate the countryside.

Our discussions of Esmat Muslim and his accesses more than prove that their local stool pigeons such as Esmat were brutal and roused the public sentiment against them.




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Default 11-13-2011, 10:04 AM

Maseed Jana, that is an excellent article.

I also see that you've read Dr. Marwat's From Muhajir to Mujahid. That is an excellent report that every Pashtun who is interested in Pashtun history and politics must read.

This fanatical Taliban ideology was artificially manufactured by the ISI and their Jewish-atheist-Christian allies in the West in order to defeat the Soviet Union. The ISI got two birds with one stone by then deploying the same ideology to defeat the Pashtun nation and to ensure their continuing division between two states.

The biggest tragedy in all of this is that many Pashtuns continue to fail to realize what had happened to them and what is still happening to them. The Taliban ideology very successfully appeals to the Pashtuns' sense of religiosity and they fail to realize that these Taliban are, at the end of the day, controlled by elements (the ISI) whose intention is never to fight Jihad fisbilillah and do something for Islam and the Ummah but to ensure that a) Kabul remains burnt and b) the lar and bar Pashtuns don't unite under any circumstances.

The Afghanistan of 1996-2002 was a foreign-occupied Afghanistan, just like the Afghanistan of today. Anyone who believes otherwise should read Soldat's article again.


"If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be".

"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives".
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