Originally Posted by Qami
Yea brother, Lezgi is endangered. In Lezgistan itself You hardly find people who speak Lezgi at literature levels. It is a complicated language with a very developed case system (I think they have over 12 cases of declination). I personally love the sound of that language.
Concerning our alphabets, they are related to some other older and more modern writing systems.
The letter You asked is actually easy and familiar to You I think. It is pronounced a little like a غ .
More specific are the differences between t and t', k and k', p and p', ts and tz, ch and tsh, r and r'.
But some of our sounds are actually common to Pashto.
The assimilation of locals was very strong during soviet times in Azerbaijan. Stalin created new nations, so many people got assimilated. Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan... all underwent this process. Not that Tajiks were a new nation, but soe non-tajiks have been to assiilated as Tajiks while a big number of Tajiks from Uzbekistan were uzbekized.
In Azerbaijan that happened to the Lezgis, and is still happening. And also to Tolish, Kurds and Tat. Specially the Tat(people related to Persians) and Kurds underwent this process. E.g. the nowdays president of Azerbaijan is a Kurd by origin.
Turkey has a good experience on assimilating people too, most of the Turks don't have any Turkic origin, still their identification with the Turkish nation is strong. On the other hand people like Armenians, or the Caucasian nations are more traditional and bound to their ancestry (at least the recent one - i mean some hundred years of ancestry), so we stand in strong contrast to each other.
The Lezgis are among those nations, that didn't have success after the arrival of religions in their area. They were a tribal state, and not having a centralized system as well as the geographical position destroyed a lot of their lands. They lost the lowlands to Turks (and during mongolian, arabic and persian invasions to each of them). and their ancient culture came into decline (that is why they maybe don't use their own alphabet anymore but instead write in cyrillic).
The area of nowdays Artsakh (Karabakh) was an area where armenian and lezgi culture and influences overlapped, what can be seen still among the locals living there.
I searched about Lezgis,,, sorry misunderstood them with Lazuri, I thought you guys call them Lezgis, i.e. I was Talking about Lazuris(Kartvelians like Georgians)!
But now I know similar things are happening to both Caucasian Nations! Unfortunately...
Its also sad that these beautiful languages will become another Avestan/Tocharian/Bactrian/Sogdian(Lost Languages, no speakers, no translation)