World's Largest Online Pashtun Community

Go Back   "Pull out your swords and slay anyone that says Pashtun and Afghan are not one! Arabs know this and so do Romans: Afghans are Pashtuns, Pashtuns are Afghans!" -Khushal Khattak > >
Reload this Page Researchers knew syphilis work in Guatemala was wrong
User Tag List

Thread Tools Display Modes
Haris's Avatar
Haris Haris is offline
PF senior
Haris is an unknown quantity at this point
Posts: 3,396
Thanks: 6
Thanked 1,617 Times in 1,038 Posts
My Mood: Tired
Mentioned: 13 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: London
Default Researchers knew syphilis work in Guatemala was wrong - 09-14-2011, 05:51 PM

Researchers knew syphilis work
in Guatemala was wrong

Senior US researchers have been condemned for deliberately and covertly
infecting more than 1000 Guatemalans with syphilis and other sexually
transmitted diseases in the 1940s.

The judgement comes in a report released this week after a
nine-month-long inquiry into the experiments, which were conducted
between 1946 and 1948.

The report, Ethically Impossible: STD research in Guatemala from 1946 to
1948, concludes that culpability for the events of 65 years ago extends
beyond the principal researcher, John Cutler of the University of Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. Senior officials in the US Public Health Service, and even its
chief, the surgeon general himself, knew of and supported Cutler's

Cutler and his colleagues deliberately infected 1308 prisoners, soldiers and
psychiatric patients with the intention of finding treatments for syphilis,
gonorrhoea and chancroid, a lesser-known sexually transmitted disease.

The experiments were brought to light last year by Susan Reverby of the
University of Pittsburgh. The revelations led President Barack Obama and
secretary of state Hillary Clinton to apologise to the Guatemalan people last

No consent

The commission's report, ordered by the president after the revelations,
found "no evidence that consent was sought or obtained from the individual
subjects… on the contrary, there were examples of active deceit".

In a covering letter to the president, published with the report, the actions
are described as "especially egregious" because "many of the individuals
involved held positions of public institutional responsibility".

Statements made at the time are self-incriminating. Cutler is quoted in the
report as emphasising the need to increase secrecy and limit information
about the project to those "who can be trusted not to talk".

They knew better

Much of the evidence that the wrongdoing was preconceived came from an
earlier, very similar experiment on sexually transmitted diseases at Terre
Haute prison, Indiana, in 1943 and 1944. In this case, a virtually identical
team of researchers – including Cutler – accepted the need to obtain full
informed consent from participating inmates, showing that they knew this
to be a necessary precondition at the time for research involving humans.

Yet they failed to employ these same ethical safeguards in Guatemala two
years later, despite the publication in 1947 of the Nuremberg code, which
upheld the principle of informed consent as the cornerstone for all medical

"The Terre Haute work indicates that these concepts were not unfamiliar to
the researchers," says the commission. "In this sense, the defence of
culturally induced moral ignorance is inadequate."

The commission concludes by warning against further abuses. "We should
be ever vigilant to ensure that such reprehensible exploitation of our fellow
human beings is never repeated."

To that end, the commission is still engaged in an investigation to judge
how strictly current ethical standards are upheld in clinical trials around the
world – a report due in December.

Researchers knew syphilis work in Guatemala was wrong - health - 14 September 2011 - New Scientist

Last edited by Haris; 09-14-2011 at 05:54 PM.
Reply With Quote
The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Haris For This Useful Post:
faye (09-14-2011)
faye faye is offline
PF senior
faye is on a distinguished road
Posts: 9,671
Thanks: 7,335
Thanked 1,766 Times in 1,448 Posts
My Mood: Breezy
Mentioned: 8 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: australia
Default 09-14-2011, 06:00 PM

informed consent...what a joke. american pharmaceutical companies still haven't worked out what that means. they test their drugs in india without 'informed' consent. some of the uneducated people, do not know that they are being experimented on.
Reply With Quote

guatemala, knew, researchers, syphilis, work, wrong

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

History of Pashtuns| Learn Pashto Online| Afghan Wiki|| Pukhtoogle| Afghan MP3||| Tor_Khan's blog| Abdul Rahman Karim's blog| Voices of the Pashtun land| Pashto TV

Search Engine Optimisation provided by DragonByte SEO (Lite) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
User Alert System provided by Advanced User Tagging v3.0.6 (Lite) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd. Runs best on HiVelocity Hosting.
No part of this site may be copied without permission of the administration. The views, posts, opinions and threads expressed by members of the community here are not necessarily those of the staff and management of Pashtun Forums.