View Full Version : Linguistic Miracles of the Quran


inqilab
04-30-2010, 02:37 AM
This thread will be for the linguistic miracles of the Quran.

inqilab
04-30-2010, 02:37 AM
Your Life Summarised in 1 Aayah/verse!


اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌوَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ ۖكَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا ۖ وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٌ ۚ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِKnow that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children.

(It is) as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tillers; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw.

But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers – evildoers), and (there is) forgiveness from Allâh and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers – good-doers). And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.
[Quran Surah Hadeed 57:20]



This one verse concisely summarizes and sums up our entire lives. And it’s not a pretty picture. Consider our lives:

1) We start as toddlers. This verse starts with play (la`ibun), which is what toddlers are engrossed in, it’s most important to them.

2) Then when we get a little older we need entertainment to keep us busy – amusement (lahwun).

3) A little later in our teens we are obsessed with pomp, or appearance and how things look (zeenatun).

4) Then as we get independent and make money we deal with urges to show off (boasting – tafaakhur).

5) Then we get married and have kids (rivalry in wealth and children – takaathur fi al-amwaal wa al-aulaad).



In just a few words, Allah (SWT) has compressed our entire thought process throughout our lives!



Then He (SWT) makes an analogy of it in the same verse. - Heavy rain impresses the farmer as he is burying seeds, green shoots make him happy and make him feel like he’s close to achieving something big, and then the crop matures.

But why doesn’t the farmer cut it and harvest it? Why does he watch it turn yellow? It’s because we humans run after a lot of things, but when we get them we immediately lose interest most of the time and newer shinier things take our attention. Then those crops turn into straw and crust and eventually become worthless.

And so this is Allah SWT telling us that nothing in this life will make us content and that only Allah can give us true contentment (ridwaan).



And the verse finishes – And what is this life except a deceptive enjoyment?

inqilab
05-13-2010, 05:04 PM
This verse shows the power of Du'a [calling upon Allah for your requests].


How?

Prophet Ibrahim [Abraham] and Isma'il [Ishmail] prayed to Allah that through their offspring comes a Messenger;
{ "Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own, who shall recite unto them Your Verses and instruct them in the Book (this Quran) and Al-Hikmah (full knowledge of the Islamic laws and jurisprudence or wisdom or Prophethood, etc.), and sanctify them. Verily! You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."} [al Baqara 2:129]


Prophet Muhammad was sent to us - due to Allah's response of the du'a of Ibrahim and Isma'il!


So ask from Allah, and He will give!

inqilab
05-13-2010, 05:05 PM
Why is Walidayn used instead of Abu & Um? [Surah Israa' 17:23]


وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا ۚ إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَوْ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَا أُفٍّ وَلَا تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلًا كَرِيمًاAnd your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.




The word 'walidayn' is used in that ayah/verse, which refers to both your parents.

The word 'lid' = to produce something.

The ' wa' as a prefix = to make the following word/verb occur.


In this case, the walid = the one who produced and made - the child - existant.


Walid [m] = the man who fathered you .

Walida [f] = the woman who gave birth to you.


Walidayn as a suffix signifies 'two' i.e. Both parents; Mum and Dad.


In arabic, Um and Abu is also used for Mother and Father.

So why is Walid, and Walida [=Walidayn] used in the aayah/verse instead of Abu and Um?



In arabic, the Walid is the one fathered you.

However, the Abu is the one who fathered you, and he also lookaftered you, provided for you and gave you an upbringing.


This means that the Abu [Providing father] is of a higher rank than a Walid .

However, Allah is ordering the Muslim son/daughter to honour their parents, even if they [I]just gave birth to them! Because without them, we would never be born.


So when we see people disrespecting their biological father and saying that "you weren't there for me!", they still need to realise that he is their Walid, and they are still required to respect their parents [walidayn].



The Pregnant Um

The mother is honored more than a walid . Yet we should honor both.


How is this?


Allah tells us in Surah Luqman [31:14];[B]وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْنًا عَلَىٰ وَهْنٍ وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَيْنِ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيْكَ إِلَيَّ الْمَصِيرُ

And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother [Um] bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, unto Me is the final destination.}[31:14]

Allah is telling us that your mother [walida], has already got the honorable title of Um [caring mother] - by being pregnant and giving birth to you. This is why she has more rights over you from the start.

However, for the father to get the title of Abu [the providing father], he will have to provide for you and give you an upbringing, otherwise his status will remain as a Walid [the one who you are born from (biologically)]. (even though you still respect your Walid).
حدثنا ‏ ‏قتيبة بن سعيد بن جميل بن طريف الثقفي ‏ ‏وزهير بن حرب ‏ ‏قالا حدثنا ‏ ‏جرير ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عمارة بن القعقاع ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي زرعة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي هريرة ‏ ‏قال ‏
‏جاء ‏ ‏رجل ‏ ‏إلى رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏فقال من أحق الناس بحسن صحابتي قال[B] ‏ ‏أمك قال ثم من قال ثم أمك قال ثم من قال ثم أمك قال ثم من قال ثم أبوك ‏
‏وفي حديث ‏ ‏قتيبة ‏ ‏من أحق بحسن صحابتي ولم يذكر الناس ‏

Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:
A person came to Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: [I]Who among the people is most deserving my companionship (of a kind treatment from me?)

He said: Your mother. He, again, said: Then who (is the next one)? He said: It is your mother [Um] (who deserves the best treatment from you). He said: Then who (is the next one)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: It is your mother.

He (again) said: Then who? Thereupon he (The Prophet (peace be upon him)) said: It is your father [Abu].

[Sahih Muslim The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab Al-Birr was-Salat-I-wal-Adab )]


This is part of the Linguistic Miracle of the Qur'an.

inqilab
05-13-2010, 05:08 PM
Tranquility, Passion, and Mercy...


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚإِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.

[Quran ar-Rum 30:21]

"that you may find repose [taskoonoo] in them".

The word in arabic for Repose is; Sakoon.
Sakoon = Tranquility/calmness. Anyone who has been in love has felt this strongly when they are with their lover. This is one of the strongest feelings that person will feel when they are with their lover.

This feeling of joy, contenment and tranquility makes the person have extreme love for that person. So Allah after explaining the first attribute of Tranquility says describes the next stage;

"..and he has put between you affection (Mawaddah).."
Mawaddah is love with a passion, an extreme liking to something.

So the lover;

1) Feels at ease [feels calmness] with the person.
2) Has an extreme passionate liking to them.


This Mawaddah stage usually lasts for around 2 years.

As the couple continue living together, the passion gradually lessens. Both partners mature abit more and the fantasies die out abit more.

So many obstacles come within their way because they are living with each other. Before they were both blinded by passion, but now they see each others mistakes and errors.


So Allah tells us;

"and He has put between you affection and MERCY (rahmah).."
So now that the passions have slightly died out, and the calmness isn't always there in the relationship (arguments do happen in marriage) - Allah tells us that He has placed between the lovers Mercy.

So even though they might argue with each other, they have mercy on each other and forgive. This mercy keeps your relationship going, because deep down inside you still care that your partner doesn't get hurt.


"..Verily, in that are signs for people who reflect."

inqilab
05-16-2010, 02:29 PM
وَإِذْ قَالَت طَّائِفَةٌ مِّنْهُمْ يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ لَا مُقَامَ لَكُمْ فَارْجِعُوا ۚ وَيَسْتَأْذِنُ فَرِيقٌ مِّنْهُمُ النَّبِيَّ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ بُيُوتَنَا عَوْرَةٌ وَمَا هِيَ بِعَوْرَةٍ ۖ إِن يُرِيدُونَ إِلَّا فِرَارًا

And when a party of them said: "O people of Yathrib! There is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore go back!" And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet ( SAW) saying: "Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.

[Ahzab 33:13]

Why is the word “Yathrib” used at [Ahzab 33:13] whereas in other places it’s always “Madinah” (e.g. Munafiqoon 63:8)?

Even more intriguingly, this surah is Madinan (revealed in Madinah), and the word Madinah is used later on in the same surah at verse 60 [Ahzab 33:60]!


One of the wisdoms for doing so (and Allah knows best) is that Madinah is a nickname (short for Madinat-un-Nabi – The City of the Prophet) given after Hijrah [emigration of the Prophet], and so the use of the the term “Madinah” by people signifies allegiance to the Prophet (sal Allah alaihi wasalam).
Now if we look closely at Ahzab 33:13, we see that it captures a part of the saying of the munafiqoon [hypocrites] at the time – they’re exposing their hypocrisy in the battle of/ Khandaq/Ahzab by calling on the people of Yathrib (not Madinah!) to give up and go home!

These were those who had lost their claim to power in the city as a result of Hijrah [emigration of Prophet Muhammad & his companions), and are using old associations to rouse the people, thereby making their nifaaq [hypocrisy] clear.
So the use of Yathrib is not a mistake or slip-up as people might assume, it’s actually perfectly positioned to suit the context of the situation.

inqilab
05-16-2010, 02:29 PM
Miracle Story Timeline - of Surah Yusuf


This is the layout of the plot of Surah Yusuf:

1 – Yusuf (alayhis-Salam) has a dream.
2 – His brothers plot against him
3 – His owner’s wife attempts to seduce him
4 – Her friends attempt to seduce him
5 – He (as) is imprisoned

6 – The king has a dream
6 – The king’s dream is interpreted
5 – Yusuf (as) is released from prison
4 – The ladies confess
3 – His former owner’s wife confesses
2 – His brothers learn their lesson
1 – Yusuf (as)’s dream is interpreted and realized.


This is spread out in exactly this order over 100 ayaat. Problems are introduced and solved in reverse symmetric order. Remember, these are verses of speech. Qur’an wasn’t revealed as a book. It was revealed in parts over 23 years! The thing is, humans just don’t think like this! You need a stack to process a story and say it like this.


To have this kind of consistency in speech over 23 years, forming what would later be compiled as a book and analyzed as a book is beyond human capacity. Armies of the best authors couldn’t do it, even with the luxury of being able to make mistakes the first few times and correct them.

inqilab
05-17-2010, 08:26 PM
Miracle Qur'an Challenge: Write a Palindrome Phrase - read the same backward as forward.



Palindrome Miracle:
وربك ف ك بر
[wa Rabaka Fa Kabir]
(focus on the consonants only in the arabic language)

And your Lord (Allah) magnify! [so magnify your Lord]

[Quran Surah Mudatthir 74:3]What is a Palindrome?

A word or phrase that reads the same backward as forward.



A challenge to those who reject the linguistic miracle of Qur'an:

Can you provide a meaningful sentence - in any language - which can be written in a Palindrome form? The above aayah/verse has 4 words in a Palindrome form, so the challenge for them is to beat that.