View Full Version : Tajweed Lesson One: An Introduction

09-26-2010, 04:23 AM
What is Tajweed:

The word Tajweed linguistically means ‘proficiency’ or ‘doing something well.’ It comes from the root word jayyid which means ‘good’. When we apply this definition to the Quran, we are in essence saying that we have to give every letter in the Quran its rights and dues of characteristics by observing the different rules that apply to them in different situations. By rights, we are observing the essential characteristics of each letter that never leave it and by dues, we are referring to the observation of the characteristics of each letter that are present some of the time and absent at other times. These rules were taught to Rasulullah (SAW) at the time of revelation by Angel Jibrael (AS).

The purpose of Tajweed:

Understanding the science of Tajweed aims to make the recitor proficient in reciting the Quran by observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the tulings and characteristics which aplly to each letter, without exaggeration or deficiency. Arabic letters each have a Makhraj - an exit or articulation point - in the mouth or throat from which they originate and they also each have Sifaat - attributes, or characteristics - particular to them. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very similar exits which makes mixing them up easy. So if a person does not know the attributes of each letter there is a danger that he will change the meaning of the words in Qur'an recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting protects the recitor from making mistakes in reciting the Quran.

Common Misconception:

It is commonly said that Quran study is impossible without a teacher – in fact, the same holds true for any technical study, especially when phonetic matters are involved – but this does not mean that the student must always be seated on the same flooring as a Sheikh. Where direct contact with a professional teacher proves infeasible, basic concepts can be acquired from well-prepared documents. Therefore these lessons aim to provide the basic tools for those who don’t have professional teachers within their reach.

Quranic text used:

The Quran is now available in many different copies, but one has almost universally established itself. This is known as the Uthmaani/Madani text and any examples or references in the lessons to come, will be made in relation to this text.

If you have any questions, requests, suggestions or contributions of some sort, do not hesitate to put them forward. Either privately or publicly. They are very welcome.