View Full Version : AI made from DNA


Haris
07-27-2011, 07:41 PM
Artificial Intelligence Made
From DNA


http://blogs.discovery.com/.a/6a00d8341bf67c53ef014e8a24661b970d-800wi

Eat your heart out Steven Spielberg (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000229/) -- turns out artificial intelligence is not
just a figment of your imagination.

A team of researchers lead by Lulu Qian (http://media.caltech.edu/press_releases/13434) from the California Institute of (http://www.caltech.edu/)
Technology (http://www.caltech.edu/) (Caltech) have for the first developed an artificial neural (http://media.caltech.edu/press_releases/13434)
network (http://media.caltech.edu/press_releases/13434) -- that is, the beginnings of a brain -- out of DNA molecules.

They turned to molecules because they knew that before the neural-based
brain evolved, single-celled organisms showed limited forms of intelligence.
These microorganisms did not have brains, but instead had molecules that
interacted with each other and spurred the creatures to search for food
and avoid toxins. The bottom line is that molecules can act like circuits,
processing and transmitting information and computing data.

The Caltech used DNA molecules specifically for the experiment, because
these molecules interact in specific ways determined by the sequence of
their four bases: adenine (abbreviated A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and
thymine (T). And what's more, scientists can encode the sequence into
strands of DNA molecules, essentially programming them to function in a
predetermined way.

Without getting too complicated, Qian and her team created four highly
simplified artificial neurons in test tubes comprised of 112 strands of DNA,
each strand programmed with a specific sequence of bases to interact with
other strands. The interactions resulted in outputs (or not), basically
mimicking the actions of neurons firing. In order to see the DNA neurons
firing, the scientists attached a fluorescent molecular marker that lit up
when activated.

Next, the researchers played a trivia game with the neural network to see
if it could identify one of four scientists based on a series of yes/no
questions. Basic information related to the identity of the scientists was
given to the tiny DNA brain in the form of encoded strands of DNA.

To quiz the brain, a human player placed DNA strands that hinted at the
answer into the test tube. With these clues, the neural network was able
to produce the correct answer, which was visible thanks to the fluorescent
markers.

In this way, the network could also communicate when it lacked enough
information to correctly identify one of the scientists, or if any of the clues
contained contradictory information.

The research team played this game using 27 possible ways of answering
questions and the neural network in the test tube answered correctly each
time.

Adam
07-27-2011, 07:44 PM
The birth of SKYNET

ScimitarXEdge
07-27-2011, 08:36 PM
hahahhaa ....Kaish is going to come here and verbal diarrhea some spiel about Dajjal and back magic now.