View Full Version : Scientists grow tooth in mouse kidney


Haris
07-27-2011, 12:01 PM
Japanese bio engineers have succeeded in growing a tooth from cells
implanted into a mouse kidney, using a technique that could create
replacement organs faster than previously tested methods.

Biologists have previously cultivated teeth in a laboratory and successfully
transplanted them into the jaws of mice, but Japanese researchers have
hailed the latest development as offering much faster growth rates.

The latest method "saves about 10 days" compared to earlier techniques,
said Tokyo University of Science professor Takashi Tsuji, who led the
research.

"It is our first step towards the goal -- to regenerate organs that could
replace damaged or lost ones," he said.

"We still haven't got to the point where it can be used for humans," he
added. "We have just completed our first step."

The research team, including scientists from Tokyo Medical and Dental
University and Tohoku University, developed a "seed" by combining special
cells necessary to form a tooth, their research showed.

The cells reacted to each other and started growing into tissues to create
a real tooth.

The researchers then wrapped the "seed" in a tiny piece of plastic and
implanted it in a mouse's kidney, where it grew to form a tooth, the study
showed.

When the tooth was substantially developed, they transplanted it to
another mouse's gums, confirming it could adapt to the oral environment
and connect to nerves and blood vessels as if it was a real tooth, it said.

The mouse would feel pain and stimulation because the regenerative tooth
functions just like a real tooth, the researchers said.